Supply chain terms English to French

What is a supply chain

A supply chain is a network of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in the production, distribution, and delivery of goods or services from supplier to customer. It encompasses the entire process of transforming raw materials into finished products and ensuring their availability to the end consumer.

Key components of a supply chain

Some key components of a supply chain include:

  • Suppliers are the organizations or individuals that provide the raw materials, components, or services required for production.
  • Manufacturers are the entities that transform raw materials into finished products through various manufacturing processes.
  • Distributors are the intermediaries responsible for storing, transporting, and delivering the products from manufacturers to retailers or wholesalers.
  • Retailers are the businesses that sell the finished products directly to end consumers.
  • Customers are the ultimate recipients of the products or services offered by the supply chain.
  • Inventory are the stock of raw materials, semi-finished products, and finished goods that are stored at various stages of the supply chain to meet demand.
  • Logistics is the management of all activities involved in the movement and storage of products, including transportation, warehousing, and distribution.
  • Information Systems are the technologies and software used to capture, analyze, and share data across the supply chain to optimize operations and make informed decisions.
  • Demand Planning is the process of forecasting customer demand and aligning the supply chain activities to meet that demand efficiently.
  • Supply Chain Management is the strategic coordination and integration of all supply chain activities to maximize customer value, minimize costs, and achieve competitive advantage.

These components collectively work together to ensure a smooth flow of materials, information, and resources across the supply chain, ultimately delivering products or services to end consumers in a timely and efficient manner.

Supply Chain Terms in English and French

This is a glossary of supply chain terms English to French from previous translation projects.

ENFR
Accuracy Exactitude
After-sales Après-vente
Assemble-to-order Assemblage à la commande
Assembly line Chaîne d’assemblage
Automated guided vehicles Chariot filoguidé
Automation Automatisation
Autonomous work team Equipe autonome
Available-to-promise (ATP) Disponible à la vente (DAV)
Backflush Postconsommation
Backlog Carnet de commandes, Portefeuille de commandes
Backorder Commande en retard
Backward scheduling Chargement au plus tard
Bar code Code-barres
Batch Lot (de pièces)
Beginning inventory Stock initial
Bid Soumission, offre
Bill of lading Connaissement
Bill of material (BOM) Nomenclature
Bill of resources Macrogamme
Blanket order Commande ouverte
Blanket releases Appels de livraison
Blueprint Plan (de pièces)
Bonus scheme Système de prime
Bottleneck Goulet d’étranglement
Break-even point Point mort
Capacity utilization Rapport Charge/Capacité
Capacity Capacité
Carrier Transporteur
Carrying cost Coût de détention, coût de possession
Center of gravity Barycentre, Centre de gravité
Change order Avis de modification
Changeover Changement de série
Checking Contrôle de conformité
Competition Concurrence
Competitive advantage Avantage concurrentiel
Complaints Réclamations (des clients)
Component Composant
Computer aided design (CAD) Conception assistée par Ordinateur (CAO)
Computer aided manufacturing (CAM) Fabrication assistée par Ordinateur (FAO)
Concurrent engineering Ingénierie simultanée
Consumption Consommation
Container Conteneur
Continuous improvement Amélioration continue
Count point Point de comptage
Critical path Chemin critique
Cumulative lead time Cycle total
Customer order Commande client
Customer Client
Delivery lead time Délai de livraison
Demand rate Taux de demande
Demand Demande
Dependability Fiabilité
Dependent Demand Demande dépendante
Depreciation Amortissement
Design Conception
Deviation Écart
Dispatching Lancement
Downtime Temps d’arrêt
Drawing Plan (de pièces)
Drill Perceuse
Due date Date de besoin
Economy of scale Economie d’échelle
Efficiency Rendement
Ending inventory Stock final
Expediting Relance
Exponential smoothing Lissage exponentiel
Facilities Installations
Factory Usine
Final assembly Assemblage final
Finished good, finished product Produit fini
Finite loading Chargement à capacité finie
Firing Licenciement
Firm planned order Ordre ferme
Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) Atelier flexible
Flow time Durée d’écoulement
Fluidity index Ratio de fluidité
Focused factory Usine spécialisée
Forecast error Erreur de prévision
Forecast Prévision
Foreman Contremaître
Fork-lift truck Chariot élévateur
Forward scheduling Chargement au plus tôt
Fringe benefits Avantages sociaux
Furnace Four (de traitement)
Grinding machine Rectifieuse
Gross requirements Besoins bruts
Group technology Technologie de groupe
Handling Manutentions
Heat treatment Traitement thermique
Hiring Embauche
Holding cost Coût de détention, Coût de possession
Incremental cost Coût marginal
Industrial engineering Industrialisation
Infinite loading Chargement à capacité infinie
Inspection Contrôle de conformité
Instruction sheet Feuille d’instructions
Inventory Control Gestion des stocks
Inventory counting Inventaire physique
Inventory transaction Mouvement de stock
Inventory turnover Rotation des stocks
Inventory valuation Valorisation des stocks
Inventory Stock
Issue Sortie (de stock)
Item Article
Job ticket Bon de travail
Joint replenishment Commande groupée
Just-In-Time Juste-à-temps
Labor grade Qualification main-d’œuvre
Labor Main-d’œuvre
Lay-off Licenciement
Layout Implantation
Learning curve Courbe d’apprentissage
Life cycle Cycle de vie
Line balancing Équilibrage de chaîne
Load leveling Lissage de charge
Logistics Logistique
Lot size Taille de lot
Low-level code Code de plus bas niveau
Machine tool Machine-outil
Maintenance Entretien, Maintenance
Make or buy decision Décision « Faire ou Faire faire »
Make-to-order Fabrication à la commande
Make-to-stock Fabrication sur stock
Manufacturing and Sales Plan Plan industriel et commercial (PIC)
Manufacturing engineering Industrialisation
Manufacturing lead time Cycle de fabrication
Manufacturing order Ordre de fabrication (OF)
Master production schedule (MPS) Plan directeur de production (PDP)
Material requirements planning (MRP) Calcul des besoins nets (CBN)
Mean absolute deviation (MAD) Écart absolu moyen (EAM)
Multi-skilled worker Ouvrier polyvalent
Need date Date de besoin
Net requirements Besoins nets
Offset Décalage
On-hand balance Quantité en stock
Open order Ordre lancé
Operating expenses Frais d’exploitation
Operations research Recherche opérationnelle
Option Variante
Order entry Saisie des commandes
Order placement Passation de commande
Order point Point de commande
Order Commande, Ordre
Overhead Frais généraux
Overlapping Chevauchement
Overload Surcharge
Overtime Heures supplémentaires
Packaging Conditionnement
Packing slip Bordereau de livraison
Parent item Composé
Part Pièce
Partnership Partenariat
Pay scheme Système de rémunération
Periodic replenishment Recomplètement périodique
Phantom item Article fantôme
Picking list Liste à servir
Picking Prélèvement (de stock)
Plan Plan, Programme
Planned order Ordre suggéré
Planning Planification
Plant Usine
Present value Valeur actuelle
Price schedule Barème de prix
Process control chart Carte de contrôle
Process engineering department Bureau des Méthodes
Process engineering Méthodes
Process sheet Feuille d’instructions
Procurement Approvisionnement
Product engineering department Bureau d’Études
Product engineering Développement de produit
Product structure record Lien de nomenclature
Production activity control Suivi de fabrication
Production Control Gestion de production
Production line Chaîne de fabrication
Production rate Cadence de production
Production reporting Déclaration de production
Projected inventory Stock prévisionnel
Purchase order Commande fournisseur
Purchase requisition Demande d’achat
Purchasing Achats
Quality circle Cercle de qualité
Quality control Contrôle de la qualité
Quality insurance Assurance qualité
Quantity discount Remise sur quantité
Queue time Temps d’attente
Queue File d’attente
Quotation Devis
Raw material Matières premières
Receipt Réception
Receiving note Bordereau de réception
Reject reason Cause de rebut
Release Lancement
Reliability Fiabilité
Request for proposal Appel d’offres
Resource profile Profil de ressource
Routing Gamme de fabrication
Running time Temps productif
Safety stock Stock de sécurité
Sales order Commande client
Sales Ventes
Sampling Echantillonage
Schedule Programme, planning
Scheduling Jalonnement, Ordonnancement
Scrap Rebut
Seasonal index Indice de saisonnalité
Seasonality Saisonnalité
Service parts Pièces de rechange
Setup Réglage
Shift Équipe
Shipping Expédition
Shop Floor Control Gestion d’atelier
Shop packet Dossier de fabrication
Shop traveler Fiche suiveuse
Shop Atelier
Shortage Manquant, Rupture de stock
Skill Compétence, Qualification
Skilled worker Ouvrier professionnel
Slack Marge (temps)
Sourcing Achats
Spare parts Pièces de rechange
Spoliage Détérioration
Standard deviation Écart type
Standard hours Temps alloué
Standardization Standardisation, Normalisation
Statistical Process Control (SPC) Maîtrise statistique des procédés
Stockout Rupture de stock
Stockpoint Lieu de stockage
Storage costs Coûts de stockage
Store Magasin
Subassembly Sous-ensemble
Subcontracting Sous-traitance
Supplier Fournisseur
Supply Approvisionnement
Surface treatment Traitement de surface
Temporary worker Intérimaire
Throughput time Temps d’écoulement
Time series Séries chronologiques
Tool Outil
Total Quality Control Maîtrise totale de la qualité
Transfer price Prix de cession interne
Trend Tendance
Tuning Réglage, Mise au point
Usage Consommation
Used hours Temps passé
Utilization Taux d’utilisation des machines
Value added Valeur ajoutée
Value analysis Analyse de la valeur
Value chain Chaîne de valeur
Variance Écart
Vendor lead time Délai du fournisseur
Vendor Fournisseur
Versatility Polyvalence
Warehouse Entrepôt, Magasin
Waste Déchets, Gaspillage
Where-used Cas d’emploi
Withdrawal Sortie (de stock)
Work center Poste de charge
Work force Main-d’œuvre, effectifs
Work in process En-cours
Work load Charge de travail
Work order Ordre de fabrication (OF)
Working capital Besoin en fonds de roulement
Working hours Horaires de travail
Workshop Atelier
Yield Rendement
Zero defect Zéro défaut

Some trusted sources of information on supply chain:

Supply Chain Management Review: A leading industry publication that covers various aspects of supply chain management, including trends, best practices, and case studies.
Website: www.scmr.com

Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP): A professional organization that offers research, education, and networking opportunities for supply chain professionals.
Website: www.cscmp.org

Harvard Business Review – Operations & Supply Chain Management: Provides insightful articles and research papers on supply chain management, operations, and logistics.
Website: hbr.org/topic/operations-supply-chain-management

MIT Sloan Management Review – Operations and Supply Chain Management: Features research articles and thought leadership pieces on supply chain strategy, digital transformation, and innovation.
Website: sloanreview.mit.edu/topic/operations-supply-chain-management

APICS (Association for Supply Chain Management): A global association that provides certifications, resources, and events related to supply chain and operations management.
Website: www.apics.org

Deloitte – Supply Chain Management: Deloitte is a consulting firm that offers valuable insights, reports, and research on supply chain and operations strategy.
Website: www2.deloitte.com/global/en/pages/operations/topics/supply-chain-management.html

Gartner Supply Chain: Gartner is a leading research and advisory company that offers in-depth analysis, reports, and market insights on supply chain management and logistics.
Website: www.gartner.com/en/supply-chain

These sources provide reputable information and industry insights that can help you stay updated on the latest trends, practices, and strategies in supply chain management.

Optimizing Supply Chain and Manufacturing Processes

In the dynamic world of supply chain and manufacturing, several key elements are crucial for ensuring efficient operations and meeting customer demands. Among these elements, the Bill of Lading and Bill of Material (BOM) are foundational documents. The Bill of Lading serves as a contract between the shipper and carrier, while the BOM lists all raw materials, components, and subassemblies required to manufacture a finished product.

Continuous Improvement practices are essential for maintaining competitive advantage and operational efficiency. By focusing on the Critical Path in project management, companies can identify and mitigate potential delays. Understanding Cumulative Lead Time and Delivery Lead Time is vital for planning and scheduling, ensuring that customer demand is met promptly.

Demand Rate and Downtime are critical metrics that influence production scheduling. To avoid unnecessary delays, Expediting processes may be employed to speed up urgent orders, ensuring that Finished Goods or Finished Products reach customers on time. Establishing Firm Planned Orders helps stabilize the production schedule and minimize disruptions.

Incorporating a Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) allows manufacturers to adapt quickly to changes in product design and demand. However, managing Forecast Errors and producing accurate Forecasts are ongoing challenges. Forward Scheduling can help in planning tasks in chronological order, improving efficiency.

Effective Inventory Control is essential for minimizing costs and avoiding stockouts. Metrics such as Inventory Turnover and Inventory Valuation provide insights into inventory management efficiency. Accurate Inventory records are critical for decision-making processes.

When inventory levels reach a predefined point, an Issue arises, prompting actions to prevent disruptions. Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory systems aim to reduce storage costs by receiving goods only as they are needed in the production process. Techniques like Load Leveling ensure a balanced workload across the production floor.

The Make or Buy Decision determines whether components should be manufactured in-house or purchased from external suppliers. Strategies such as Make-to-Order and Make-to-Stock cater to different customer demand scenarios. A comprehensive Manufacturing and Sales Plan aligns production capabilities with market demand.

Manufacturing Engineering and Manufacturing Lead Time are critical factors in product development and production planning. A well-defined Manufacturing Order streamlines the process from raw material to finished product. The Master Production Schedule (MPS) and Material Requirements Planning (MRP) systems play crucial roles in aligning production with demand forecasts.

Effective Order Points and Periodic Replenishment strategies ensure that inventory levels are maintained appropriately. The Picking List facilitates accurate Picking of items from inventory for production or shipping. Planned Orders help in anticipating future demand and preparing accordingly.

Process Engineering and Procurement are vital for optimizing production processes and securing necessary materials. Product Engineering focuses on the design and development of products, ensuring they meet quality and performance standards. Production Control oversees the entire production process, ensuring adherence to schedules and quality standards.

Monitoring the Production Rate and implementing effective Production Reporting practices provide insights into production efficiency. Quality Control ensures that products meet specified standards and customer expectations. Managing Raw Material inventory is crucial for uninterrupted production.

The Receipt and Release of materials and products are key steps in the supply chain. Efficient Routing of materials through production processes minimizes delays and maximizes productivity. Running Time and Safety Stock levels are carefully managed to balance production efficiency and risk mitigation.

Effective Scheduling practices, adherence to Standard Hours, and the use of Statistical Process Control (SPC) ensure consistent production quality. Managing Stockpoints and Storage Costs is essential for optimizing inventory levels and reducing overhead costs.

Understanding and managing Variance in production and supply chain processes helps in maintaining operational efficiency. Vendor Lead Time is a critical factor in procurement, influencing the overall supply chain timeline.

In conclusion, optimizing supply chain and manufacturing processes involves a comprehensive understanding and management of various elements, from inventory control to production scheduling, and from procurement to quality control. By leveraging these concepts, companies can achieve greater efficiency, reduce costs, and meet customer demands more effectively.